Mrs M. Grieve, (1973 edition); A Modern Herbal, Merchant Book Company Ltd., ISBN 1904779018
T. Breverton, (2011); Breverton’s Complete Herbal, Quercus Publishing Ltd., ISBN 978-0-85738-336-5
D. Hoffmann, (1996); Complete Illustrated Guide to the Holistic Herbal, Element Books, ISBN 0-00-713301-4
M. Baker, (2013); Discovering the Folklore of Plants, 3rd edition, Shire Publications Ltd., ISBN 0747801789
G. Kyd and M. Sibbons, (2014); Molecules, Medicines and Mischief A Year on the Chemical Trail around Cambridge University Botanic Garden, Vervain Publishing, ISBN 978-0-9928998-0-6
Woodland Trust: http://www.woodlandtrust.org.uk/
Royal Horticultural Society: https://www.rhs.org.uk/
The Bach Centre: http://www.bachcentre.com/
Individual scientific publications were found using Pubmed or by searching Google Scholar (https://scholar.google.co.uk/). Details of these are not given for reasons of brevity and are beyond the scope of the blogs.
A note on chemical diagrams: These are two dimensional representations of a chemical structure and show which types of atoms are involved and how they are connected together. Diagrams in these blogs prepared using ChemDoodle drawing software (http://www.chemdoodle.com/). By convention, all unlabelled atoms are carbon (C) and these have sufficient attached hydrogens (H) to give the standard valency of 4, taking into account other bonded atoms.
Disclaimer: Medicinal properties of plants and their chemical components are given for information and entertainment only. Plants should be used with care and administered only under the direction of an expert.
Preparation of the Bach Flower Remedies from the source plants: Two methods, the sun method and the boiling method, are used to prepare the so-called mother tinctures. In the sun method, used when delicate flowers are involved, flowers are placed on the surface of a bowl of spring water for 3 hours, in direct sunlight.
In the boiling method, used for woodier plants and those which don’t bloom when sunlight is strong, the flowering part of the plant is boiled for an hour in spring water.
The aim is the same for both methods – to transfer the energy or essence of the flowers to the water. This energised water is mixed with alcohol (in a 1:1 ratio) to produce the mother tincture. This is diluted again with alcohol to produce the remedies you can buy worldwide (stock bottles).
Next blog: Agrimony